17 Easy Skin Care Tips to Zap Those Blackheads and Whiteheads

Dermatologist removing blackheads with specialized tool

Quick Tip:
Always use natural means to get rid of blackheads and whiteheads. Egg white masks, honey, milk, cinnamon, baking soda, etc., are some of the best natural skin care remedies.
As you grow and start approaching puberty, your body undergoes many changes – physical as well as psychological. Some of these changes may not be very desirable, i.e., blackheads, whiteheads, acne, pimples – these are the changes that no teenager wishes for.

However, no matter how careful you are with your skin and skin-care routine, you cannot avoid them. The trick is to not panic at their sight. Know that the outgrowths are not permanent and will fade away eventually. It is extremely easy to treat them if appropriate skincare tips for blackheads and whiteheads are followed. It is just a part of the growth process that the skin, sweat glands, and hair follicles go through. With proper care, you can even decrease their occurrence. They are very different from each other. In the paragraphs to follow, you will learn about the difference between these skin breakouts and the tips that you need to follow in order to get rid of them

Basic Difference between Acne, Blackheads, and Whiteheads
Blackheads, whiteheads and pimples are all types (lesions) of acne.
Acne
Acne is a hormonal impairment that is triggered by the presence of androgenic or male hormones in both males and females. Prominent mostly in teenagers, these hormones along with bacteria and fatty acids in the skin are responsible for the development of acne.
Acne is also characterized by the inflammation of the sebaceous glands present in the skin. The inflammation of these glands is brought about either by hormonal changes, unhygienic living methods, irregular menstruation in women, oily skin, sweaty clothing, and headgear.
Blackheads
Blackheads are outgrowths or plugs that erupt in place of hair follicles and clog its opening. They are also known as open comedones, since their top is open, and they are visible on the skin’s surface. They either appear black or yellowish in color.
Whiteheads
Whiteheads are similar to blackheads, only they do not grow out of the epidermis (the outermost layer of the skin). They can be identified as extremely small, particle-sized, white bumps on the skin. They are pale and therefore, are not clearly visible.
Pimples
Pimples are sometimes dubbed as early symptoms of acne, and sometimes classified as acne itself. Pimples are peculiar boils or elevated growths on the skin. These are distinguished spots with red discoloration that surface on the skin due the inflammation of the sweat glands.
Facts About Blackheads and Whiteheads
Blackheads (open comedones)
Blackheads, or open comedones, are extremely tiny and minuscule openings on the skin or pores that have been clogged at the surface. The pores get clogged as a result of accumulation of extra sebum secreted by the sebaceous glands, dirt, oily secretions and bacteria. Blackheads are easily visible as they erupt slightly outside the skin surface. The ends of the blackheads are exposed to the outside air which oxidizes the sebum present in them and turns them into a slightly darker color than that of the skin.
Whiteheads (closed comedones)
Whiteheads, also known as closed comedones, are exactly like blackheads, except that they do not have an open top. So, they don’t erupt over the skin’s surface. The sebaceous glands secrete a white discharge, which fills the pore. But the secretion is limited to the inside of the skin. Since the outside air doesn’t come in contact with the follicle and the sebaceous secretion in it, oxidation doesn’t take place, and there is no change in color of the lesion. The bump appears white in color due to the discharge. Hence, the name, whitehead.
Blackheads and whiteheads are generally the first signs of early puberty. This is around the time when the hormone levels in the body are at their highest. These hormones vigorously stimulate the sebaceous glands that secrete sebum and oily substances. Such hormones (androgens), are present in the males for a longer time than they are in the females. So, males suffer from such skin problems for a longer period than females.

Sweat is also an active stimulator. Human sweat consists an unlimited amount of bacteria. These bacteria enter the pores of the skin and clog them. A clogged pore is where the birth of a blackhead takes place.

Oily skin is another factor that contributes to the development of blackheads on the skin. Hormonal imbalance is a major cause of developing an oily skin. The sebaceous glands are extremely sensitive to hormonal changes and react instantly by secreting sebum, which clog the pores and give rise to blackheads.

These can erupt possibly anywhere on the skin where sweat glands and hair follicles are present. The most common areas prone to the proliferation of blackheads and whiteheads are the nose, the back, cheeks, chest, and inner thighs.

Skincare Tips
The skin care regime to prevent blackheads is almost the same as that to prevent whiteheads. The routine is not too fussy and easy to follow. It includes natural, DIY procedures and doesn’t involve the use of any chemicals or medication. Go through the following list of precautions and get yourself a smooth, blemish-free skin.
Exposure of Skin to Steam
Steaming
Directing steam towards the root of a blackhead or whitehead makes it soft. This makes it easier to get rid of the blackhead in a no-painful way. You can use a facial steamer, or wet terry cloth towels to induce steam into the pore. Make sure the steam is not too hot, as it might burn your skin.
Extra Care for Oily Skin
Extra care
People with oily skin are more prone to developing blackheads and whiteheads. This is because, the presence of oils in the skin promotes the growth and development of comedones. Areas on the body that are more oily than the other body parts are the T-zone (forehead and nose bridge), inner thighs, back, chest, cheeks, and the chin. These areas should be kept as dry as possible and washed regularly. This will prevent the accumulation of oil glands and thus stop the bacteria from developing comedones.
Keep it Clean, Wash Regularly
Face wash
Any kind of bacteria breed and multiply faster in areas that are moist and unclean. Bacteria responsible for the growth of open and closed comedones also respond faster to oily, moist, sweaty, and unclean skin. To avoid having blackheads and whiteheads, keep your skin clean at all times. Wash it regularly, at least four to five times a day during the summers and thrice otherwise, with cool, fresh water.
Use Separate Set of Towels and Napkins
Set of Towels and Napkins
Make it a habit to use clean and separate towels and napkins, every time you need to wipe or dry your skin. Sharing your napkins and towels or using ones that have been used by others leads to transfer of bacteria and becomes a cause of developing comedones.
Avoid Touching
Woman touching face
Touching, manipulating, picking, prodding, squeezing, popping, or pricking does NOT help you get rid of the blackhead or whitehead any faster. If anything, it aggravates the comedone. Also, touching it frequently causes unhygienic bacteria of the hands to be deposited on them and increase their number. Avoid touching it with bare, unclean hands at all costs. When wiping the skin with cloth, cotton, or paper napkins, don’t be too harsh. Rub gently to avoid the skin from getting aggravated and developing rashes or redness.
Use a Mild Face wash
Woman Washing Her Face
The area around the comedones becomes weak and extremely sensitive. Facewashes and cleansers, which contain high percentages of concentrated substances tend to have a reverse effect and worsen the blemishes. When buying face wash products especially for blackheads and whiteheads, make sure to check its composition and that it is very mild and not too harsh. If possible, ask your doctor to suggest a product that suits your skin type.